Scarring alopecia is just one of the many generic alopecia types: abnormal hair loss when a person loses more than 100 estimated hairs a day.
In men, the most common symptom is hair loss from the forehead, at the temples, or in the head’s upper region.
However, this occurs when hair follicles are destroyed and replaced by scar tissue. Its appearance is due to a consequence of wounds, burns, bacterial infections, tumors, or radiation therapy, among other causes.
It is possible that, at times, the affected person suffers itching, burning, and pain in the area. Then, alopecia and hair loss occurs progressively.
While in other types of alopecia, the hair loss is gradual, in the scarring type, there are no symptoms, and it goes unnoticed for a long time.
Causes of generic and scarring alopecia
There are different factors that influence alopecia, the most common ones are:
- Both men and women can lose hair due to age. Usually, this type of baldness is not caused by a disease and is related to aging
- Physical or emotional stress can cause hair loss. In a matter of days, you can notice how most of the hair disappears; this happens on the days of greatest anxiety or subsequent days
- An unbalanced and poor diet low in minerals and nutrients
- Excessive use of shampoo and dryer
- Taking medications such as anticoagulants, contraceptives or antidepressants can cause hair loss
- Pregnancy and childbirth it is prevalent in women who have just given birth to manifest loss of hair
- Hair loss can be due to diseases such as lupus, syphilis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, or anemia
- Strong hairstyle
Evaluate your symptoms
There are different symptoms:
- Discomfort in the scalp manifested by redness or itching
- Frequently finding many hairs on the pillow when you wake up
- When brushing and washing. the hair falls in large quantities
- Excess dandruff or sebum
- Acne or facial hair in the menstrual cycle
- Baldness in beard or eyebrows
- Hair weakness on the top of the head. This is the most common symptom of female baldness
- In the case of men, the most common symptom is hair loss from the forehead, at the temples, or in the upper region of the head
- Losing hair at an early age, in adolescence, or between 20-30 years
Best way to prevent hair loss
Detecting any hair loss problems at an early stage is essential to finding the most appropriate solutions. If too late, look for the best hair regrowth treatment in the market.
You may want to read: Best Vitamins for Hair Growth
The best way to prevent hair loss is not to wash your hair every day and use a shampoo that best suits your needs.
Besides, ensuring a good diet will provide the necessary nutrients to maintain stronger and healthier hair.
Types of alopecia
- Non-scarring alopecia: They are very common and can be cured through treatments.
- Androgenic alopecia: it is the loss of hair due to genetic factors. It affects many men and rarely women
- Alopecia areata: In most cases, the hair falls to strands leaving areas without hair. This type of alopecia can cause the loss of all hair
- Traumatic alopecia: is the consequence of external factors such as dryers, metal combs, dyes, or permanent
- Diffuse alopecia: may appear due to diseases, hormonal changes, or the side effects of some medications
- Drug alopecia: Vitamin A in large doses can produce alopecia. In general, this type of alopecia usually disappears in the months following the suspension of the drug
- Scarring alopecia: It can be detected when baldness appears, and there is a burning sensation or pain in the area that is losing hair. There are several types: primary scarring alopecia acquired primary scarring alopecia and secondary scarring alopecia
- Infectious alopecia is about total or partial baldness caused by fungi, viruses, or bacteria
- Physical, chemical agents
- Antitumor treatment
- Inherited diseases
According to experts in its field, a thorough medical history should be performed to diagnose alopecia.
The patient must undergo a diagnostic examination of hair loss to determine the reason for his particular alopecia problem accurately.
Although, sometimes, an analysis is required to detect any alteration that justifies hair loss, and in exceptional cases, a biopsy of the scalp is required.
If the loss is not serious, the hair grows back in a few months without the need for treatment. If it doesn’t, look for the best hair regrowth treatment possible.
Common treatments are hair implant injection, topical medications applied to the skin, and ultraviolet light therapy for most severe cases.
- Follow an adequate diet, proper nutrients for healthy hair are essential
- It is important to keep hair clean with appropriate shampoos for your particular type of hair
- Apply masks on the tips and in the middle areas of the hair, never at the root
- The hair should be dried with a towel first, then outdoors or with a medium temperature dryer
- Protect hair with sunscreen and hats