A proper acne removal treatment should be carried out as soon as it’s identified. It is therefore recommended to see a dermatologist at the first signs and symptoms. Luckily, there are many effective acne treatments available today.
This disease accounts for 35% of dermatologist visits in America. The percentage increases among the pediatric population and in primary care.
Acne problems develop due to different factors, so it is a “multifactorial disease.” Currently, there is a wide arsenal of effective therapies to control each of the factors involved in the development of acne.
However, to know the most appropriate option in your case, it is essential to know the triggers involved. In addition, as suggested by the American Academy of Dermatology, you should see a dermatologist.
In any case, here is a brief review of this skin disease and the possible treatments that can be prescribed to combat it. Take them into account and clear your doubts with a professional.
What is acne and why does it happen?
As it is a common disease among the general population, you have probably already heard of it or even suffered from it. Acne is a skin problem that occurs, originally, in the hair follicles.
During this disease, a kind of oil plug and dead cells form within the hair follicles. As a result, comedones, blackheads, and pimples are usually formed, these being the main symptoms of this skin disorder.
All these symptoms can appear in different parts of the body. However, the most frequent areas are the face, back, chest and shoulders.
On the other hand, as far as the causes are concerned, we have already mentioned that it is a multifactorial disorder. As there are many factors involved in its development, four main ones have been established, which are the following:
- Excessive fat production
- An elevated hormonal activity, especially of androgens
- Bacterial infections such as Propionibacterium acnes
- Hair follicle blockage due to oil accumulation and dead skin cells
Other factors favor the appearance of this disease and aggravate it. For example, stress can worsen this condition, and certain medications and diet, as studies show.
Acne removal: When and how should be treated?
Acne treatments should be done as soon as the disease is identified. Therefore, if you notice any of these lesions on your skin, it is best to go to the dermatologist to determine the best option in your case before more severe symptoms appear.
It should be borne in mind that each type of lesion has a specific treatment and, therefore, it is essential to have the professional’s diagnosis.
General treatment is aimed at reducing inflammation and preventing bacterial growth. Therefore, treatment should be applied to the entire affected area (not only on the lesion). Here are some of the most commonly used acne treatments.
Depending on the purpose for which they are used, we can classify acne treatments as follows:
- Aimed at reducing the desquamation of ductal epithelial cells
- Combat bacterial infections
- To reduce oil production: the most commonly used drug is isotretinoin, which is a product of vitamin A metabolism. This is the preferred treatment of choice when there is a risk of scarring
Eridosis for acne: precautions
In many cases, certain drugs are necessary to combat acne in addition to the typical topical treatments.
The following are the most common:
- Tretinoin: this is a retinoid drug that manages to normalize the obstruction of the follicle. It also has an anti-inflammatory and preventive action against the formation of pimples
- Salicylic acid: less effective than tretinoin. It also has anti-inflammatory effects
- Adapalene or tazarotene: these are new treatments with similar efficacy to tretinoin
Drugs used to fight bacterial infections
The Propionibacterium acnes bacterium is quite sensitive to many antibiotics. Among the most commonly used drugs for this purpose, we can mention the following:
- Benzoyl peroxide, especially in association with erythromycin
- Systemic antibiotics: such as doxycycline, minocycline or cotrimoxazole
In short, the acne treatments available today are very varied. Again, we recommend that you consult your doctor or dermatologist to find out the best way to combat this disease, depending on your case. Avoid resorting to any method of medication, as it could be counterproductive.
Homemade Facials for acne removal
To implement this remedy, you will need the following ingredients:
- Absorbent cotton
In this case, it is best to get chamomile flower; it will always give much better results. If it is not available, you can use sachets for infusions or by grams.
Heat the water in a saucepan until it starts to boil; you will have to fill half a cup. Introduce two sachets of chamomile and let it stand for about seven or eight minutes. Make sure you get a very concentrated and dark infusion.
You may want to read: DIY Body Scrubs Homemade Recipes: A Guide to Natural Exfoliation
After that time, you will remove the chamomile sachets, drain them and let the cup cool. If you want it to cool faster, put the cup in the freezer.
When the infusion is completely cold, wet the absorbent cotton and wring it out. Then place it on the affected area, rest for about 15 minutes, and rinse it with cold water.
In this case, a honey mask can be a formidable ally against acne. For its preparation, you will need:
- 2 tablets of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
- A tablespoon of water
To make this mask, start by putting the two aspirins and the tablespoon of water in a small bowl. With the help of the spoon, you will break the aspirins and dissolve them in the water.
Add one or two tablespoons of honey and mix it all. The aspirins must be dissolved in water because, with honey, it is practically impossible. Stir and mix well and let the mixture stand for a few minutes.
Put it on a pimple or the whole face if you have a lot of acne. Leave the mask on for approximately 20 minutes. Afterward, it should be removed with cold water. You will notice positive results after using it for a few days.
This mask is so effective that it is beneficial when a painful pimple is about to appear. Just put a little of this mixture on the affected area and see how the next day is practically gone.
The magic of aloe vera and lemon
Using an aloe vera mask is playing it safe, and if you add the power of lemon, the results are amazing. To make an aloe vera cream with lemon, you will need these ingredients:
- 1 Lemon
- 1 tablespoon of sugar
- 1 teaspoon of baking soda
- Pulp of an aloe vera leaf
To make this one, you must put all the ingredients in a bowl and beat them with the mixer until a paste is formed. Apply the cream to the affected area and leave it on for about 20 minutes. Remove it with lukewarm water.
Many good things can be done with chamomille, such as a cream to eliminate acne pimples. To do this, you need these ingredients:
- 1 Sachet of chamomile for infusion.
- 1 tablespoon of oatmeal.
- 2 cloves of garlic.
Start by boiling a glassful of water. Then, remove it from the fire and introduce the chamomile sachet; Let it rest for about five minutes.
Put the saucepan back on the fire, but now with the whole garlic cloves, without peeling them. Let it boil for about five minutes, set aside, and let it cool. After this time, remove the sachet, but not before having drained it well.
When the infusion is lukewarm, add the oat flour to make a cream. In this case, if you don’t have flour, you can use flakes, although you will have to grind them with a blender or a food processor.
It’s important to obtain a texture similar to flour. Slowly incorporate the result into the saucepan mixture while stirring until obtaining a creamy texture.
Finally, apply the cold cream to the face and leave it on for about 20 minutes. Use it for a few weeks; the result will be spectacular.
Acne removal tips
- Keep a balanced diet, always include fruits, vegetables and plenty of water. However, it is important to clarify that according to Dr. Edward Cowen, NIH skin specialist, food does not cause acne. No research has confirmed any evidence that food has any effect.
- You can try natural treatments to reduce inflammation, such as applying tea tree oil in a concentration of at least 5% to the affected area.
- Avoid using creams and oils that can continue to clog pores. It is best to use gel products or lotions formulated by a dermatologist.
- Do not use makeup such as creamy bases, powders and compact blushes, these can worsen acne, as they cover the pores and continue to clog, forming comedones or blackheads.
- Don’t manipulate the lesions to avoid blemishes, scars or further damage.
- Wash your face or affected areas thoroughly. Use products recommended for oily or non-comedogenic skin. But don’t over do it, clean a maximum of 2 times a day; blackheads and pimples are not the result of dirt, but it is important to keep oil under control.
Consult a dermatologist for proper guidance. If the blackheads are painful and widespread on the body (face, back, chest, etc.), scheduling an appointment with a specialist is advisable. Keep in mind that each case is different, do not self-medicate.